Roses: cultivation techniques for beginners

Roses have the ability to make any garden beautiful. The rose fascinates as much with its shape, colors and symbolism as with its fragrance. However, its reputation makes it a difficult plant to grow. And yet, by following these tips, any budding gardener can grow their own roses. I followed the leader.

The selection of varieties

Not all rose varieties are created equal. If you are a beginner, turn to botanicals and old roses. They are known to be sturdier and more durable. Indeed, the botanical varieties strongly resemble wild roses and also offer delicious edible fruits in autumn. This is especially the case with the gallica rose.

As for old roses, we think of the Damask rose, the centifolia rose, or the French rose. In fact, they are hybrid forms of botanical roses, which gives them this sturdiness. These roses look like loose bushes that are very easy to grow. There are also climbing roses that will add height to the garden.

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Planting, an important step

Before planting, there is preparation. These steps are very important to the survival of your roses and to promote good recovery. First, choose quality bare root roses if possible.

Prepare your plants by cutting the roots and wood to 30cm. Work your soil by removing weeds and rocks that can inhibit root growth.

Make a deep hole 40 cm wide so that the roots have enough space. Make a praline to cover your roots using 1/3 soil, 1/3 well-rotted compost and 1/3 rainwater. Each plant must be at least 80 cm apart and placed in a sunny position.

Maintenance of roses

To get beautiful flowers, preventive treatments are important. They must be organic so as not to harm nature. These treatments limit the spread of pathologies and make the plants stronger.

Roses are susceptible to fungal diseases such as powdery mildew, rust or powdery mildew. So humidity is their enemy.

You can spray your roses nettle manurehorsetail or comfrey.