planting, cultivating, tending and harvesting

The Espelette pepper is a famous plant that produces red fruits that are known to spice up dishes with a strength of 4 on the Scoville scale. Originally from Central America, it is cultivated in France, mainly in the Basque Country. In terms of cultivation, it is a plant that is close to tomato or even pepper. Here are all our tips for growing Espelette peppers.

Where, when and how to grow Espelette pepper?

Not surprisingly, the Espelette pepper is a demanding plant too hot and above all good sunshine. It’s really not rustic at all.

Espelette pepper is best planted during the month of May in several rich.

Espelette pepper
Credit: JacquesPALUT

Before planting, remember to prepare the soil by loosening it slightly and adding minerals compost well decomposed. When planting, dig a hole about 3 times the size of the root ball and then fill it by tapping it. Finally, mash the base with the ingredients of your choice. Also, if you plant a lot, remember to do so space at a distance of about 50 cm between them.

Maintenance and diseases

In terms of maintenance, there is no need to prune. It is also not necessary to overfeed it with water. Indeed, thanks to its roots, the Espelette pepper can absorb all Nutrients which is needed on the ground. However, a watering regularly after planting will allow it to store the strength it needs to face the summer.

This plant can be infected with moldalso attracts spider mites and aphids. So you need to take good care of your health.

Espelette pepper
Credits: daboost / iStock


Pepper harvesting takes place throughout the summer, until October. Generally, peppers are dried in cluster form. To make it, take a needle and pierce the fruit on the stem then thread some twine to tie the fruit together. The bunch should be hung in a dry and ventilated place. You’ll know your peppers are ready when they’re crisp and slightly brown.